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aspell (1)
  • >> aspell (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )


    aspell - interactive spell checker


    aspell [options] <command>


    aspell is a utility that can function as an ispell -a replacement, as an independent spell checker, as a test utility to test out Aspell features, and as a utility for managing dictionaries.  


    <command> is one of:
    display the help message
    -c,check file
    to spell-check a file
    ispell -a compatibility mode
    produce a list of misspelled words from standard input
    [dump] config
    dump the current configuration to stdout
    config key
    print the current value of an option
    return the soundslike equivalent for each word entered
    pass standard input through the same set of filters that would be used to spell check a document
    print version number and exit
    dump|create|merge master|personal|repl wordlist
    dump, create, or merge a master, personal, or replacement word list


    The following options may be used to control which dictionaries to use and how they behave.
    base name of the dictionary to use. If this option is specified then Aspell will either use this dictionary or die.
    location of the main word list
    language to use, it follows the same format of the LANG environmental variable on most systems. It consists of the two letter ISO 639 language code and an optional two letter ISO 3166 country code after a dash or underscore. The default value is based on the value of the LC_MESSAGES locale.
    the preferred size of the word list
    an extra information to distinguish two different words lists that have the same lang and size.
    search path for word list information files
    list of available modules, modules that come first on this list have a higher priority. Currently there is only one speller module.
    personal word list file name
    replacements list file name
    extra dictionaries to use.


    These options control the behavior of Aspell when checking documents.
    ignore words <= n chars
    ignore case when checking words
    ignore commands to store replacement pairs
    save the replacement word list on save allkeyboard (file) the base name of the keyboard definition file to use (see section 4.4.3)
    suggestion mode = ultra | fast | normal | bad-spellers


    These options modify the behavior of the various filters.
    add or removes a filter
    sets the filter mode. Mode is one if none, url, email, sgml, or tex. (The short cut options '-e' may be used for email, '-H' for Html/Sgml, or '-t' for Tex)
    The encoding the input text is in. Valid values are ``utf-8'', ``iso8859-*'', ``koi8-r'', ``viscii'', ``cp1252'', ``machine unsigned 16'', ``machine unsigned 32''. However, the Aspell utility will currently only function correctly with 8-bit encodings. utf-8 support is planned for the future. The two ``machine unsigned'' encodings are intended to be used by other programs using the Aspell library and it is unlikely the Aspell utility will ever support these encodings.
    email quote characters
    number of chars that can appear before the quote char
    SGML attributes to always check
    SGML file extensions
    TeX commands
    check TeX comments


    These may be used to control the behavior of run-together words.
    consider run-together words legal
    maximum numbers that can be strung together
    minimal length of interior words


    Miscellaneous options that don't fall under any other category.
    main configuration file
    location of main configuration file
    location of language data files
    alternative location of language data files. This directory is searched before data-dir. It defaults to the same directory the actual main word list is in (which is not necessarily dict-dir).
    location for personal files
    personal configuration file
    prefix directory


    create a backup file by appending .bak to the file name. Only applies when the command is check.
    time load time and suggest time in pipe mode.
    reverse the order of the suggestions list
    the keymapping to use, either aspell for the default mapping or ispell to use the same mapping that the ispell utility uses

    In addition Aspell will try to make sense out of ispell's command line options so that it can function as a drop in replacement for ispell. If Aspell is run without any command line options it will display a brief help screen and quit.  


    Aspell can also accept options via a personal or global configuration file. The exact files to used are specified by the options per-conf and conf respectfully but the personal configuration file is normally .aspell.conf located in the $HOME directory. Each line of the configuration file has the format:

    option [value]

    where option is any one of the standard library options above without the leading dashes. For example the following line will set the default language to Swiss German:

    lang de_CH

    There may any number of spaces between the option and the value however it can only be spaces, i.e. there is no '=' between the option name and the value. Comments may also be included by preceding them with a '#' as anything from a '#' to a newline is ignored. Blank lines are also allowed. Values set in the personal configuration file override those in the global file. Options specified at either the command line or via an environmental variable override those specified by either configuration file.

    The global configuration file for Aspell is /etc/aspell.conf and the per user configuration file is ~/.aspell.conf  


    run-with-aspell(1), word-list-compress(1), aspell-import(1)

    Aspell is fully documented in its Texinfo manual. See the `aspell' entry in info for more complete documentation.  


    This manual page was written by Brian Nelson <> based on the Aspell User's Manual, Copyright © 2002 Kevin Atkinson.




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