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apt-ftparchive (1)
  • >> apt-ftparchive (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
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    NAME

    apt-ftparchive - Utility to generate index files
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    apt-ftparchive [-hvdsq] [--md5] [--delink] [--readonly] [--contents] [-o=config string] [-c=file] {[packages path... [override [pathprefix]]] | [sources path... [override [pathprefix]]] | [contents path] | [release path] | [generate config-file section...] | [clean config-file]}
     

    DESCRIPTION

    apt-ftparchive

    is the command line tool that generates the index files that APT uses to access a distribution source. The index files should be generated on the origin site based on the content of that site.

    apt-ftparchive is a superset of the dpkg-scanpackages(8) program, incorporating its entire functionality via the packages command. It also contains a contents file generator, contents, and an elaborate means to 'script' the generation process for a complete archive.

    Internally apt-ftparchive can make use of binary databases to cache the contents of a .deb file and it does not rely on any external programs aside from gzip(1). When doing a full generate it automatically performs file-change checks and builds the desired compressed output files.

    Unless the -h, or --help option is given one of the commands below must be present.

    packages

    The packages command generates a package file from a directory tree. It takes the given directory and recursively searches it for .deb files, emitting a package record to stdout for each. This command is approximately equivalent to dpkg-scanpackages(8).

    The option --db can be used to specify a binary caching DB.

    sources

    The sources command generates a source index file from a directory tree. It takes the given directory and recursively searches it for .dsc files, emitting a source record to stdout for each. This command is approximately equivalent to dpkg-scansources(8).

    If an override file is specified then a source override file will be looked for with an extension of .src. The --source-override option can be used to change the source override file that will be used.

    contents

    The contents command generates a contents file from a directory tree. It takes the given directory and recursively searches it for .deb files, and reads the file list from each file. It then sorts and writes to stdout the list of files matched to packages. Directories are not written to the output. If multiple packages own the same file then each package is separated by a comma in the output.

    The option --db can be used to specify a binary caching DB.

    release

    The release command generates a Release file from a directory tree. It recursively searches the given directory for Packages, Packages.gz, Packages.bz2, Sources, Sources.gz, Sources.bz2, Release and md5sum.txt files. It then writes to stdout a Release file containing an MD5 digest and SHA1 digest for each file.

    Values for the additional metadata fields in the Release file are taken from the corresponding variables under APT::FTPArchive::Release, e.g. APT::FTPArchive::Release::Origin. The supported fields are: Origin, Label, Suite, Version, Codename, Date, Architectures, Components, Description.

    generate

    The generate command is designed to be runnable from a cron script and builds indexes according to the given config file. The config language provides a flexible means of specifying which index files are built from which directories, as well as providing a simple means of maintaining the required settings.

    clean

    The clean command tidies the databases used by the given configuration file by removing any records that are no longer necessary.
     

    THE GENERATE CONFIGURATION

    The generate command uses a configuration file to describe the archives that are going to be generated. It follows the typical ISC configuration format as seen in ISC tools like bind 8 and dhcpd. apt.conf(5) contains a description of the syntax. Note that the generate configuration is parsed in sectional manner, but apt.conf(5) is parsed in a tree manner. This only effects how the scope tag is handled.

    The generate configuration has 4 separate sections, each described below.  

    Dir Section

    The Dir section defines the standard directories needed to locate the files required during the generation process. These directories are prepended to certain relative paths defined in later sections to produce a complete an absolute path.

    ArchiveDir

    Specifies the root of the FTP archive, in a standard Debian configuration this is the directory that contains the ls-LR and dist nodes.

    OverrideDir

    Specifies the location of the override files.

    CacheDir

    Specifies the location of the cache files

    FileListDir

    Specifies the location of the file list files, if the FileList setting is used below.
     

    Default Section

    The Default section specifies default values, and settings that control the operation of the generator. Other sections may override these defaults with a per-section setting.

    Packages::Compress

    Sets the default compression schemes to use for the Package index files. It is a string that contains a space separated list of at least one of: '.' (no compression), 'gzip' and 'bzip2'. The default for all compression schemes is '. gzip'.

    Packages::Extensions

    Sets the default list of file extensions that are package files. This defaults to '.deb'.

    Sources::Compress

    This is similar to Packages::Compress except that it controls the compression for the Sources files.

    Sources::Extensions

    Sets the default list of file extensions that are source files. This defaults to '.dsc'.

    Contents::Compress

    This is similar to Packages::Compress except that it controls the compression for the Contents files.

    DeLinkLimit

    Specifies the number of kilobytes to delink (and replace with hard links) per run. This is used in conjunction with the per-section External-Links setting.

    FileMode

    Specifies the mode of all created index files. It defaults to 0644. All index files are set to this mode with no regard to the umask.
     

    TreeDefault Section

    Sets defaults specific to Tree sections. All of these variables are substitution variables and have the strings $(DIST), $(SECTION) and $(ARCH) replaced with their respective values.

    MaxContentsChange

    Sets the number of kilobytes of contents files that are generated each day. The contents files are round-robined so that over several days they will all be rebuilt.

    ContentsAge

    Controls the number of days a contents file is allowed to be checked without changing. If this limit is passed the mtime of the contents file is updated. This case can occur if the package file is changed in such a way that does not result in a new contents file [override edit for instance]. A hold off is allowed in hopes that new .debs will be installed, requiring a new file anyhow. The default is 10, the units are in days.

    Directory

    Sets the top of the .deb directory tree. Defaults to $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/binary-$(ARCH)/

    SrcDirectory

    Sets the top of the source package directory tree. Defaults to $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/source/

    Packages

    Sets the output Packages file. Defaults to $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/binary-$(ARCH)/Packages

    Sources

    Sets the output Packages file. Defaults to $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/source/Sources

    InternalPrefix

    Sets the path prefix that causes a symlink to be considered an internal link instead of an external link. Defaults to $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/

    Contents

    Sets the output Contents file. Defaults to $(DIST)/Contents-$(ARCH). If this setting causes multiple Packages files to map onto a single Contents file (such as the default) then apt-ftparchive will integrate those package files together automatically.

    Contents::Header

    Sets header file to prepend to the contents output.

    BinCacheDB

    Sets the binary cache database to use for this section. Multiple sections can share the same database.

    FileList

    Specifies that instead of walking the directory tree, apt-ftparchive should read the list of files from the given file. Relative files names are prefixed with the archive directory.

    SourceFileList

    Specifies that instead of walking the directory tree, apt-ftparchive should read the list of files from the given file. Relative files names are prefixed with the archive directory. This is used when processing source indexs.
     

    Tree Section

    The Tree section defines a standard Debian file tree which consists of a base directory, then multiple sections in that base directory and finally multiple Architectures in each section. The exact pathing used is defined by the Directory substitution variable.

    The Tree section takes a scope tag which sets the $(DIST) variable and defines the root of the tree (the path is prefixed by ArchiveDir). Typically this is a setting such as dists/woody.

    All of the settings defined in the TreeDefault section can be use in a Tree section as well as three new variables.

    When processing a Tree section apt-ftparchive performs an operation similar to:

    Sections

    This is a space separated list of sections which appear under the distribution, typically this is something like main contrib non-free

    Architectures

    This is a space separated list of all the architectures that appear under search section. The special architecture 'source' is used to indicate that this tree has a source archive.

    BinOverride

    Sets the binary override file. The override file contains section, priority and maintainer address information.

    SrcOverride

    Sets the source override file. The override file contains section information.

    ExtraOverride

    Sets the binary extra override file.

    SrcExtraOverride

    Sets the source extra override file.
     

    BinDirectory Section

    The bindirectory section defines a binary directory tree with no special structure. The scope tag specifies the location of the binary directory and the settings are similar to the Tree section with no substitution variables or SectionArchitecture settings.

    Packages

    Sets the Packages file output.

    Sources

    Sets the Sources file output. At least one of Packages or Sources is required.

    Contents

    Sets the Contents file output. (optional)

    BinOverride

    Sets the binary override file.

    SrcOverride

    Sets the source override file.

    ExtraOverride

    Sets the binary extra override file.

    SrcExtraOverride

    Sets the source extra override file.

    BinCacheDB

    Sets the cache DB.

    PathPrefix

    Appends a path to all the output paths.

    FileList, SourceFileList

    Specifies the file list file.
     

    THE BINARY OVERRIDE FILE

    The binary override file is fully compatible with dpkg-scanpackages(8). It contains 4 fields separated by spaces. The first field is the package name, the second is the priority to force that package to, the third is the the section to force that package to and the final field is the maintainer permutation field.

    The general form of the maintainer field is:

    old [// oldn]* => new
    

    or simply,

    new
    

    The first form allows a double-slash separated list of old email addresses to be specified. If any of those are found then new is substituted for the maintainer field. The second form unconditionally substitutes the maintainer field.  

    THE SOURCE OVERRIDE FILE

    The source override file is fully compatible with dpkg-scansources(8). It contains 2 fields separated by spaces. The first fields is the source package name, the second is the section to assign it.  

    THE EXTRA OVERRIDE FILE

    The extra override file allows any arbitrary tag to be added or replaced in the output. It has 3 columns, the first is the package, the second is the tag and the remainder of the line is the new value.  

    OPTIONS

    All command line options may be set using the configuration file, the descriptions indicate the configuration option to set. For boolean options you can override the config file by using something like -f-,--no-f, -f=no or several other variations.

    --md5

    Generate MD5 sums. This defaults to on, when turned off the generated index files will not have MD5Sum fields where possible. Configuration Item: APT::FTPArchive::MD5

    -d, --db

    Use a binary caching DB. This has no effect on the generate command. Configuration Item: APT::FTPArchive::DB.

    -q, --quiet

    Quiet; produces output suitable for logging, omitting progress indicators. More q's will produce more quiet up to a maximum of 2. You can also use -q=# to set the quiet level, overriding the configuration file. Configuration Item: quiet.

    --delink

    Perform Delinking. If the External-Links setting is used then this option actually enables delinking of the files. It defaults to on and can be turned off with --no-delink. Configuration Item: APT::FTPArchive::DeLinkAct.

    --contents

    Perform contents generation. When this option is set and package indexes are being generated with a cache DB then the file listing will also be extracted and stored in the DB for later use. When using the generate command this option also allows the creation of any Contents files. The default is on. Configuration Item: APT::FTPArchive::Contents.

    -s, --source-override

    Select the source override file to use with the sources command. Configuration Item: APT::FTPArchive::SourceOverride.

    --readonly

    Make the caching databases read only. Configuration Item: APT::FTPArchive::ReadOnlyDB.

    -h, --help

    Show a short usage summary.

    -v, --version

    Show the program version.

    -c, --config-file

    Configuration File; Specify a configuration file to use. The program will read the default configuration file and then this configuration file. See apt.conf(5) for syntax information.

    -o, --option

    Set a Configuration Option; This will set an arbitary configuration option. The syntax is -o Foo::Bar=bar.
     

    EXAMPLES

    To create a compressed Packages file for a directory containing binary packages (.deb):

    apt-ftparchive packages directory | gzip > Packages.gz
    
     

    SEE ALSO

    apt.conf(5)  

    DIAGNOSTICS

    apt-ftparchive returns zero on normal operation, decimal 100 on error.  

    BUGS

    APT bug page[1]. If you wish to report a bug in APT, please see /usr/share/doc/debian/bug-reporting.txt or the reportbug(1) command.  

    AUTHORS

    Jason Gunthorpe

    Author.

    APT team

    Author.
     

    REFERENCES

    1.
    APT bug page
    http://bugs.debian.org/src:apt


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    THE GENERATE CONFIGURATION
    Dir Section
    Default Section
    TreeDefault Section
    Tree Section
    BinDirectory Section
    THE BINARY OVERRIDE FILE
    THE SOURCE OVERRIDE FILE
    THE EXTRA OVERRIDE FILE
    OPTIONS
    EXAMPLES
    SEE ALSO
    DIAGNOSTICS
    BUGS
    AUTHORS
    REFERENCES


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