The Linux NIS+ client code was developed for the GNU C library 2. There is also a port for Linux libc5, since most commercial Applications where linked against this library in the past, and you cannot recompile them for using glibc. There are problems with libc5 and NIS+: static programs cannot be linked with it, and programs compiled with this library will not work with other libc5 versions.
As base System you need a glibc based Distribution like Debian, Red Hat Linux or SuSE Linux. If you have a Linux Distribution, which does not have glibc 2.1.1 or later, you need to update to a newer version.
The NIS+ client software can be obtained from:
Site Directory File Name ftp.gnu.org /pub/gnu/glibc glibc-2.2.5.tar.gz, glibc-linuxthreads-2.2.5.tar.gz ftp.kernel.org /pub/linux/utils/net/NIS+ nis-utils-1.4.1.tar.gz
You should also have a look at http://www.linux-nis.org/nisplus/ for more information and the latest sources.
IMPORTANT: For setting up a NIS+ client read your Solaris NIS+ docs what to do on the server side! This document only describes what to do on the client side!
After installing the new libc and nis-tools, create the credentials for the new client on the NIS+ server. Make sure portmap is running. Then check if your Linux PC has the same time as the NIS+ Server. For secure RPC, you have only a small window from about 3 minutes, in which the credentials are valid. A good idea is to run xntpd on every host. After this, run
domainname nisplus.domain. nisinit -c -H <NIS+ server>
to initialize the cold start file. Read the nisinit man page for more options. Make sure that the domainname will always be set after a reboot. If you don't know what the NIS+ domain name is on your network, ask your system/network administrator.
Now you should change your /etc/nsswitch.conf file. Make sure that the only service after publickey is nisplus ("publickey: nisplus"), and nothing else!
Then start keyserv and make sure, that it will always be started as first daemon after portmap at boot time. Run
niscat passwd.org_dir should now show you all entries in the passwd database.
When the user logs in, he need to set his secretkey to keyserv. This is done by calling "keylogin". The login from the shadow package will do this for the user, if it was compiled against glibc 2.1. For a PAM aware login, you have to change the /etc/pam.d/login file to use pam_unix2, not pwdb, which doesn't support NIS+. An example:
#%PAM-1.0 auth required /lib/security/pam_securetty.so auth required /lib/security/pam_unix2.so set_secrpc auth required /lib/security/pam_nologin.so account required /lib/security/pam_unix2.so password required /lib/security/pam_unix2.so session required /lib/security/pam_unix2.so
The Network Services switch file /etc/nsswitch.conf determines the order of lookups performed when a certain piece of information is requested, just like the /etc/host.conf file which determines the way host lookups are performed. For example, the line
hosts: files nisplus dns
specifies that host lookup functions should first look in the local /etc/hosts file, followed by a NIS+ lookup and finally through the domain name service (/etc/resolv.conf and named), at which point if no match is found an error is returned.
A good /etc/nsswitch.conf file for NIS+ is:
# # /etc/nsswitch.conf # # An example Name Service Switch config file. This file should be # sorted with the most-used services at the beginning. # # The entry '[NOTFOUND=return]' means that the search for an # entry should stop if the search in the previous entry turned # up nothing. Note that if the search failed due to some other reason # (like no NIS server responding) then the search continues with the # next entry. # # Legal entries are: # # nisplus Use NIS+ (NIS version 3) # nis Use NIS (NIS version 2), also called YP # dns Use DNS (Domain Name Service) # files Use the local files # db Use the /var/db databases # [NOTFOUND=return] Stop searching if not found so far # passwd: compat group: compat shadow: compat passwd_compat: nisplus group_compat: nisplus shadow_compat: nisplus hosts: nisplus files dns services: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files networks: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files protocols: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files rpc: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files ethers: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files netmasks: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files netgroup: nisplus bootparams: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files publickey: nisplus automount: files aliases: nisplus [NOTFOUND=return] files
Закладки на сайте
Проследить за страницей
Created 1996-2023 by Maxim Chirkov
Добавить, Поддержать, Вебмастеру