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FreeBSD Porter's Handbook

The FreeBSD Documentation Project


Table of Contents
1 Making a port yourself
2 Quick Porting
2.1 Writing the Makefile
2.2 Writing the description files
2.2.1 pkg-comment
2.2.2 pkg-descr
2.2.3 pkg-plist
2.3 Creating the checksum file
2.4 Testing the port
2.5 Checking your port with portlint
2.6 Submitting the port
3 Slow Porting
3.1 How things work
3.2 Getting the original sources
3.3 Modifying the port
3.4 Patching
3.5 Configuring
3.6 Handling user input
4 Configuring the Makefile
4.1 The original source
4.2 Naming
4.2.1 PORTNAME and PORTVERSION
4.2.2 PORTREVISION and PORTEPOCH
4.2.3 PKGNAMEPREFIX and PKGNAMESUFFIX
4.2.4 Package Naming Conventions
4.3 Categorisation
4.3.1 CATEGORIES
4.3.2 Current list of categories
4.3.3 Choosing the right category
4.4 The distribution files
4.4.1 DISTNAME
4.4.2 MASTER_SITES
4.4.3 EXTRACT_SUFX
4.4.4 DISTFILES
4.4.5 EXTRACT_ONLY
4.4.6 PATCHFILES
4.4.7 Multiple distribution files from different sites
4.4.8 DIST_SUBDIR
4.5 MAINTAINER
4.6 Dependencies
4.6.1 LIB_DEPENDS
4.6.2 RUN_DEPENDS
4.6.3 BUILD_DEPENDS
4.6.4 FETCH_DEPENDS
4.6.5 DEPENDS
4.6.6 USE_*
4.6.7 Notes on dependencies
4.6.8 Optional dependencies
4.7 Specifying the working directory
4.7.1 WRKSRC
4.7.2 NO_WRKSUBDIR
4.8 Building mechanisms
5 Special considerations
5.1 Shared Libraries
5.2 Ports with distribution restrictions
5.2.1 NO_PACKAGE
5.2.2 NO_CDROM
5.2.3 RESTRICTED
5.2.4 RESTRICTED_FILES
5.3 Using Perl
5.4 Using X11
5.5 Using automake, autoconf, and libtool
5.6 Using GNOME
5.7 Using KDE
5.8 Using Bison
5.9 Using Java
5.10 Using Python
5.11 Using Emacs
5.12 Using Ruby
6 MASTERDIR
7 Shared library versions
8 Manpages
9 Ports that require Motif
9.1 USE_MOTIF
9.2 MOTIFLIB
10 X11 fonts
11 Info files
12 The pkg-* files
12.1 pkg-message
12.2 pkg-install
12.3 pkg-req
12.4 Changing pkg-plist based on make variables
12.5 Changing the names of pkg-* files
13 Testing your port
13.1 Portlint
13.2 PREFIX
13.3 FreshPorts sanity tests
14 Upgrading
15 Dos and Don'ts
15.1 Strip Binaries
15.2 INSTALL_* macros
15.3 WRKDIR
15.4 WRKDIRPREFIX
15.5 Differentiating operating systems and OS versions
15.6 __FreeBSD_version values
15.7 Writing something after bsd.port.mk
15.8 Install additional documentation
15.9 Subdirectories
15.10 Cleaning up empty directories
15.11 UIDs
15.12 Do things rationally
15.13 Respect both CC and CXX
15.14 Respect CFLAGS
15.15 Configuration files
15.16 Feedback
15.17 README.html
15.18 Miscellanea
15.19 If you are stuck...
16 A Sample Makefile
17 Automated package list creation
18 Changes to this document and the ports system
List of Tables
4-1. The USE_* variables
5-1. Variables for ports that use Perl
5-2. Variables for ports that use X
5-3. Variables for ports that use automake, autoconf or libtool
5-4. Variables for ports that use KDE
For questions about the FreeBSD ports system, e-mail <ports@FreeBSD.org>.
For questions about this documentation, e-mail <doc@FreeBSD.org>.
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