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xrdb (1)
  • >> xrdb (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • xrdb (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • 
    NAME
         xrdb - X server resource database utility
    
    SYNOPSIS
         xrdb [-option ...] [filename]
    
    DESCRIPTION
         Xrdb  is  used  to  get  or  set   the   contents   of   the
         RESOURCE_MANAGER property on the root window of screen 0, or
         the SCREEN_RESOURCES property on the root window of  any  or
         all screens, or everything combined.  You would normally run
         this program from your X startup file.
    
         Most X clients use the RESOURCE_MANAGER and SCREEN_RESOURCES
         properties  to  get user preferences about color, fonts, and
         so on for applications.   Having  this  information  in  the
         server  (where it is available to all clients) instead of on
         disk, solves the problem in  previous  versions  of  X  that
         required  you  to  maintain  defaults files on every machine
         that you might use.  It also allows for dynamic changing  of
         defaults without editing files.
    
         The RESOURCE_MANAGER property is  used  for  resources  that
         apply  to  all screens of the display.  The SCREEN_RESOURCES
         property on each screen specifies additional (or overriding)
         resources  to  be used for that screen.  (When there is only
         one screen,  SCREEN_RESOURCES  is  normally  not  used,  all
         resources are just placed in the RESOURCE_MANAGER property.)
    
         The file specified by filename (or the contents  from  stan-
         dard  input  if  -  or  no  filename is given) is optionally
         passed through the C preprocessor with the following symbols
         defined, based on the capabilities of the server being used:
    
         SERVERHOST=hostname
                 the hostname portion of the display to which you are
                 connected.
    
         SRVR_name
                 the SERVERHOST hostname string turned into  a  legal
                 identifier.    For   example,   "my-dpy.lcs.mit.edu"
                 becomes SRVR_my_dpy_lcs_mit_edu.
    
         HOST=hostname
                 the same as SERVERHOST.
    
         DISPLAY_NUM=num
                 the number of the display on the server host.
    
         CLIENTHOST=hostname
                 the name of the host on which xrdb is running.
    
         CLNT_name
                 the CLIENTHOST hostname string turned into  a  legal
                 identifier.  For example, "expo.lcs.mit.edu" becomes
                 CLNT_expo_lcs_mit_edu.
    
         RELEASE=num
                 the vendor  release  number  for  the  server.   The
                 interpretation of this number will vary depending on
                 VENDOR.
    
         REVISION=num
                 the X  protocol  minor  version  supported  by  this
                 server (currently 0).
    
         VERSION=num
                 the X  protocol  major  version  supported  by  this
                 server (should always be 11).
    
         "" VENDOR="vendor"
                 a  string  literal  specifying  the  vendor  of  the
                 server.
    
         VNDR_name
                 the VENDOR name string turned into a legal  identif-
                 ier.    For  example,  "MIT  X  Consortium"  becomes
                 VNDR_MIT_X_Consortium.
    
         EXT_name
                 A symbol is defined for each protocol extension sup-
                 ported by the server.  Each extension string name is
                 turned into a legal identifier.  For example,  "X3D-
                 PEX" becomes EXT_X3D_PEX.
    
         NUM_SCREENS=num
                 the total number of screens.
    
         SCREEN_NUM=num
                 the number of the current screen (from zero).
    
         BITS_PER_RGB=num
                 the number of  significant  bits  in  an  RGB  color
                 specification.  This is the log base 2 of the number
                 of distinct shades of each primary that the hardware
                 can  generate.   Note that it usually is not related
                 to PLANES.
    
         CLASS=visualclass
                 one of  StaticGray,  GrayScale,  StaticColor,  Pseu-
                 doColor, TrueColor, DirectColor.  This is the visual
                 class of the root window.
    
         CLASS_visualclass=visualid
                 the visual class of the root window in  a  form  you
                 can  #ifdef  on.  The value is the numeric id of the
                 visual.
    
         COLOR   defined only if CLASS is one of  StaticColor,  Pseu-
                 doColor, TrueColor, or DirectColor.
    
         CLASS_visualclass_depth=num
                 A symbol is defined for each  visual  supported  for
                 the  screen.   The  symbol includes the class of the
                 visual and its depth; the value is the numeric id of
                 the  visual.   (If more than one visual has the same
                 class and depth, the numeric id  of  the  first  one
                 reported by the server is used.)
    
         HEIGHT=num
                 the height of the root window in pixels.
    
         WIDTH=num
                 the width of the root window in pixels.
    
         PLANES=num
                 the number of bit planes (the  depth)  of  the  root
                 window.
    
         X_RESOLUTION=num
                 the x resolution of the screen in pixels per meter.
    
         Y_RESOLUTION=num
                 the y resolution of the screen in pixels per meter.
    
         SRVR_name, CLNT_name, VNDR_name,  and  EXT_name  identifiers
         are formed by changing all characters other than letters and
         digits into underscores (_).
    
         Lines that begin with an exclamation mark  (!)  are  ignored
         and may be used as comments.
    
         Note that since xrdb can read from standard input, it can be
         used  to the change the contents of properties directly from
         a terminal or from a shell script.
    
    OPTIONS
         xrdb program accepts the following options:
    
         -help   This option (or any unsupported option) will cause a
                 brief  description  of  the  allowable  options  and
                 parameters to be printed.
    
         -display display
                 This option specifies the X server to be  used;  see
                 X11(7).  It also specifies the screen to use for the
                 -screen option, and it  specifies  the  screen  from
                 which preprocessor symbols are derived for the -glo-
                 bal option.
    
         -all    This option indicates that operation should be  per-
                 formed  on  the screen-independent resource property
                 (RESOURCE_MANAGER), as well as  the  screen-specific
                 property  (SCREEN_RESOURCES)  on every screen of the
                 display.  For example, when used in conjunction with
                 -query,  the  contents of all properties are output.
                 For -load, -override and -merge, the input  file  is
                 processed once for each screen.  The resources which
                 occur in common in the output for every  screen  are
                 collected,  and  these  are  applied  as the screen-
                 independent resources.  The remaining resources  are
                 applied  for  each  individual  per-screen property.
                 This the default mode of operation.
    
         -global This option indicates that the operation should only
                 be     performed     on    the    screen-independent
                 RESOURCE_MANAGER property.
    
         -screen This option indicates that the operation should only
                 be performed on the SCREEN_RESOURCES property of the
                 default screen of the display.
    
         -screens
                 This option indicates that the operation  should  be
                 performed  on  the SCREEN_RESOURCES property of each
                 screen of the display.   For  -load,  -override  and
                 -merge, the input file is processed for each screen.
    
         -n      This option indicates that changes to the  specified
                 properties  (when  used  with  -load,  -override  or
                 -merge) or to the  resource  file  (when  used  with
                 -edit)  should  be shown on the standard output, but
                 should not be performed.
    
         -quiet  This option indicates that warning  about  duplicate
                 entries should not be displayed.
    
         -cpp filename
                 This option specifies the pathname of the C  prepro-
                 cessor  program  to  be  used.   Although  xrdb  was
                 designed to use CPP, any  program  that  acts  as  a
                 filter and accepts the -D, -I, and -U options may be
                 used.
    
         -nocpp  This option indicates that xrdb should not  run  the
                 input  file through a preprocessor before loading it
                 into properties.
    
         -symbols
                 This option indicates  that  the  symbols  that  are
                 defined  for the preprocessor should be printed onto
                 the standard output.
    
         -query  This option indicates that the current  contents  of
                 the  specified properties should be printed onto the
                 standard output.  Note that since preprocessor  com-
                 mands  in  the  input  resource file are part of the
                 input file, not part of  the  property,  they  won't
                 appear  in  the  output from this option.  The -edit
                 option can be used to merge the contents of  proper-
                 ties  back  into  the  input  resource  file without
                 damaging preprocessor commands.
    
         -load   This option  indicates  that  the  input  should  be
                 loaded as the new value of the specified properties,
                 replacing whatever was there (i.e.  the old contents
                 are removed).  This is the default action.
    
         -override
                 This option indicates that the input should be added
                 to,  instead  of  replacing, the current contents of
                 the specified properties.  New entries override pre-
                 vious entries.
    
         -merge  This option  indicates  that  the  input  should  be
                 merged and lexicographically sorted with, instead of
                 replacing, the current  contents  of  the  specified
                 properties.
    
         -remove This option indicates that the specified  properties
                 should be removed from the server.
    
         -retain This option indicates  that  the  server  should  be
                 instructed not to reset if xrdb is the first client.
                 This never be  necessary  under  normal  conditions,
                 since xdm and xinit always act as the first client.
    
         -edit filename
                 This option  indicates  that  the  contents  of  the
                 specified properties should be edited into the given
                 file, replacing any  values  already  listed  there.
                 This allows you to put changes that you have made to
                 your defaults back into your resource file, preserv-
                 ing any comments or preprocessor lines.
    
         -backup string
                 This option specifies a suffix to be appended to the
                 filename used with -edit to generate a backup file.
    
         -Dname[=value]
                 This option is passed through  to  the  preprocessor
                 and  is  used  to define symbols for use with condi-
                 tionals such as
    
         -Uname  This option is passed through  to  the  preprocessor
                 and  is  used to remove any definitions of this sym-
                 bol.
    
         -Idirectory
                 This option is passed through  to  the  preprocessor
                 and  is  used  to  specify a directory to search for
                 files that are referenced with #include.
    
    FILES
         Generalizes ~/.Xdefaults files.
    
    SEE ALSO
         X11(7) Xlib  Resource  Manager  documentation,  Xt  resource
         documentation
    
    ENVIRONMENT
         DISPLAY to figure out which display to use.
    
    BUGS
         The default for no arguments should  be  to  query,  not  to
         overwrite, so that it is consistent with other programs.
    
    AUTHORS
         Bob Scheifler, Phil Karlton, rewritten from the original  by
         Jim Gettys
    
    
    
    


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