msleep msleep_spin pause tsleep wakeup - wait for events
is an arbitrary address that uniquely identifies the event on which
the thread is being put to sleep.
All threads sleeping on a single
are woken up later by
often called from inside an interrupt routine, to indicate that the resource the thread was blocking on is available now.
The parameter Fa priority specifies a new priority for the thread as well as some optional flags. If the new priority is not 0, then the thread will be made runnable with the specified Fa priority when it resumes. If Fa priority includes the PCATCH flag, signals are checked before and after sleeping, otherwise signals are not checked. If PCATCH is set and a signal needs to be delivered, Er ERESTART is returned if the current system call should be restarted if possible, and Er EINTR is returned if the system call should be interrupted by the signal (return Er EINTR ) .
The parameter Fa wmesg is a string describing the sleep condition for tools like ps(1). Due to the limited space of those programs to display arbitrary strings, this message should not be longer than 6 characters.
The parameter Fa timo specifies a timeout for the sleep. If Fa timo is not 0, then the thread will sleep for at most Fa timo No / Va hz seconds. If the timeout expires, then the sleep function will return Er EWOULDBLOCK .
Several of the sleep functions including
and the locking primitive sleep routines specify an additional lock parameter. The lock will be released before sleeping and reacquired before the sleep routine returns. If Fa priority includes the PDROP flag, then the lock will not be reacquired before returning. The lock is used to ensure that a condition can be checked atomically, and that the current thread can be suspended without missing a change to the condition, or an associated wakeup. In addition, all of the sleep routines will fully drop the Giant mutex (even if recursed) while the thread is suspended and will reacquire the Giant mutex before the function returns.
To avoid lost wakeups,
either a lock should be used to protect against races,
or a timeout should be specified to place an upper bound on the delay due
to a lost wakeup.
As a result,
function should only be invoked with a timeout of 0 when the Giant mutex is held.
function requires that Fa mtx reference a default, i.e. non-spin, mutex. Its use is deprecated in favor of mtx_sleep9 which provides identical behavior.
function requires that Fa mtx reference a spin mutex. The msleep_spin ();
function does not accept a Fa priority parameter and thus does not support changing the current thread's priority, the PDROP flag, or catching signals via the PCATCH flag.
function is a wrapper around tsleep ();
that suspends execution of the current thread for the indicated timeout. The thread can not be awakened early by signals or calls to wakeup ();
or wakeup_one (.);
function makes the first thread in the queue that is sleeping on the parameter Fa chan runnable. This reduces the load when a large number of threads are sleeping on the same address, but only one of them can actually do any useful work when made runnable.
Due to the way it works, the
function requires that only related threads sleep on a specific Fa chan address. It is the programmer's responsibility to choose a unique Fa chan value. The older wakeup ();
function did not require this, though it was never good practice for threads to share a Fa chan value. When converting from wakeup ();
to wakeup_one (,);
pay particular attention to ensure that no other threads wait on the same Fa chan .
function appeared in BSD 4.4 and added the parameters Fa wmesg and Fa timo . The sleep ();
function was removed in Fx 2.2 . The wakeup_one ();
function appeared in Fx 2.2 . The msleep ();
function appeared in Fx 5.0 , and the msleep_spin ();
function appeared in Fx 6.2 . The pause ();
function appeared in Fx 7.0 .
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Created 1996-2022 by Maxim Chirkov
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