sysbus, isa - device tree properties for ISA bus device drivers
Solaris for x86 supports the ISA bus as the system bus. Drivers for devices on this buse use the device tree built by the booting system to retrieve the necessary system resources used by the driver. These resources include device I/O port addresses, any interrupt capabilities that the device can have, any DMA channels it can require, and any memory-mapped addresses it can occupy.
Configuration files for ISA device drivers are only necessary to describe properties used by a particular driver that are not part of the standard properties found in the device tree. See driver.conf(4) for further details of configuration file syntax.
The ISA nexus drivers all belong to class sysbus. All bus drivers of class sysbus recognize the following properties:
Solaris defaults all ISA interrupts to IPL 5. This interrupt priority can be overridden by placing an interrupt-priorities property in a .conf file for the driver. Each entry in the array of integers for the interrupt-priorities property is matched one-to-one with the elements in the interrupts property to specify the IPL value that is used by the system for this interrupt in this driver. This is the priority that this device's interrupt handler receives relative to the interrupt handlers of other drivers. The priority is an integer from 1 to 16. Generally, disks are assigned a priority of 5, while mice and printers are lower, and serial communication devices are higher, typically 7. 10 is reserved by the system and must not be used. Priorities 11 and greater are high level priorities and are generally not recommended (see ddi_intr_hilevel(9F)).
The driver can refer to the elements of this array by index using ddi_add_intr(9F). The index into the array is passed as the inumber argument of ddi_add_intr().
Only devices that generate interrupts have an interrupts property.
The first integer of the tuple specifies the memory type, 0 specifies a memory range and 1 specifies an I/O range. The second integer specifies the base address of the memory range. The third integer of each 3-tuple specifies the size, in bytes, of the mappable region.
The driver can refer to the elements of this array by index, and construct kernel mappings to these addresses using ddi_map_regs(9F). The index into the array is passed as the rnumber argument of ddi_map_regs().
All sysbus devices have reg properties. The first tuple of this property is used to construct the address part of the device name under /devices. In the case of Plug and Play ISA devices, the first tuple is a special tuple that does not denote a memory range, but is used by the system only to create the address part of the device name. This special tuple can be recognized by determining if the top bit of the first integer is set to a one.
The order of the tuples in the reg property is determined by the boot system probe code and depends on the characteristics of each particular device. However, the reg property maintains the same order of entries from system boot to system boot. The recommended way to determine the reg property for a particular device is to use the prtconf(1M) command after installing the particular device. The output of the prtconf command can be examined to determine the reg property for any installed device.
You can use the ddi_get* and ddi_put* family of functions to access register space from a high-level interrupt context.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
prtconf(1M), driver.conf(4), scsi(4), attributes(5), ddi_add_intr(9F), ddi_intr_hilevel(9F), ddi_map_regs(9F), ddi_prop_op(9F)
Writing Device Drivers
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Created 1996-2023 by Maxim Chirkov
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