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printers (4)
  • >> printers (4) ( Solaris man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )
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    NAME

    printers - user-configurable printer alias database
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    $HOME/.printers
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    The $HOME/.printers file is a simplified version of the system /etc/printers.conf file. See printers.conf(4). Users create the $HOME/.printers file in their home directory. This optional file is customizable by the user.

    The $HOME/.printers file performs the following functions:

    1.
    Sets personal aliases for all print commands.
    2.
    Sets the interest list for the lpget, lpstat, and cancel commands. See lpget(1M), lpstat(1) and cancel(1).
    3.
    Sets the default printer for the lp, lpr, lpq, and lprm commands. See lp(1), lpr(1B), lpq(1B), and lprm(1B).
     

    Entries

    Use a line or full screen editor to create or modify the $HOME/.printers file.

    Each entry in $HOME/.printers describes one destination. Entries are one line consisting of two fields separated by either BLANKs or TABs and terminated by a NEWLINE. Format for an entry in $HOME/.printers varies according to the purpose of the entry.

    Empty lines can be included for readability. Entries can continue on to multiple lines by adding a backslash (`\') as the last character in the line. The $HOME/.printers file can include comments. Comments have a pound sign (`#') as the first character in the line, and are terminated by a NEWLINE.  

    Setting Personal Aliases

    Specify the alias or aliases in the first field. Separate multiple aliases by a pipe sign (`|'). Specify the destination in the second field. A destination names a printer or class of printers, See lpadmin(1M). Specify the destination using atomic, URI-style (scheme://endpoint), or POSIX-style (server:destination) names. See printers.conf(4) for information regarding the naming conventions for destination names.  

    Setting the Interest List for lpget, lpstat and cancel

    Specify _all in the first field. Specify the list of destinations for the interest list in the second field. Separate each destinations by a comma (`,'). Specify destinations using atomic, URI-style (scheme://endpoint), or POSIX-style (server:destination) names. See printers.conf(4) for information regarding the naming conventions for destination names. This list of destinations can refer to an alias defined in $HOME/.printers.  

    Setting the Default Destination

    Specify _default in the first field. Specify the default destination in the second field. Specify the default destination using atomic, URI-style (scheme://endpoint), or POSIX-style (server:destination) names. See printers.conf(4) for information regarding the naming conventions for destination names. The default destination can refer to an alias defined in $HOME/.printers.  

    Locating Destination Information

    The print client commands locate destination information based on the "printers" database entry in the /etc/nsswitch.conf file. See nsswitch.conf(4).  

    Locating the Personal Default Destination

    The default destination is located differently depending on the command.

    The lp command locates the default destination in the following order:

    1.
    lp command's -d destination option.
    2.
    LPDEST environment variable.
    3.
    PRINTER environment variable.
    4.
    _default destination in $HOME/.printers.
    5.
    _default destination in /etc/printers.conf.

    The lpr, lpq, and lprm commands locate the default destination in the following order:

    1.
    lpr command's -P destination option.
    2.
    PRINTER environment variable.
    3.
    LPDEST environment variable.
    4.
    _default destination in $HOME/.printers.
    5.
    _default destination in /etc/printers.conf.
     

    Locating the Interest List for lpget, lpstat, and cancel

    The lpget, lpstat, and cancel commands locate the interest list in the following order:

    1.
    _all list in $HOME/.printers.
    2.
    _all list in /etc/printers.conf.
     

    EXAMPLES

    Example 1 Setting the Interest List

    The following entry sets the interest list to destinations ps, secure, and dog at server west and finance_ps:

    _all            ps,secure,west:dog,lpd://server/printers/queue
    

    Example 2 Setting Aliases to a Printer

    The following entry sets the aliases ps, lp, and lw to sparc_printer:

    ps|lp|lw        sparc_printer
    

    Example 3 Setting an Alias as a Default Destination

    The following entry sets the alias pcl to hplj and sets it as the default destination:

    pcl|_default    hplj
    

    Example 4 Setting an Alias to a Server Destination

    The following entry sets the alias secure to destination catalpa at server tabloid:

    secure  tabloid:catalpa
    

    Example 5 Setting an Alias to a Site Destination

    The following entry sets the alias insecure to destination legal_ps using IPP:

    insecure        ipp://server/printers/legal_ps
    

     

    FILES

    /etc/printers.conf

    System printer configuration database

    $HOME/.printers

    User-configurable printer database

    ou=printers

    LDAP version of /etc/printers.conf

    printers.conf.byname

    NIS version of /etc/printers.conf

    printers.org_dir

    NIS+ version of /etc/printers.conf

     

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    AvailabilitySUNWpcu

    Interface Stability

     

    SEE ALSO

    cancel(1), lp(1), lpq(1B), lpr(1B), lprm(1B), lpstat(1), lpadmin(1M), lpget(1M), nsswitch.conf(4), printers.conf(4), attributes(5), standards(5)

    System Administration Guide: Basic Administration  

    NOTES

    $HOME/.printers is referenced by the printing commands before further name resolution is made in /etc/printers.conf or the name service. If the alias references a destination defined in /etc/printers.conf, it is possible that the destination is defined differently on different systems. This could cause output to be sent to an unintended destination if the user is logged in to a different system.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    Entries
    Setting Personal Aliases
    Setting the Interest List for lpget, lpstat and cancel
    Setting the Default Destination
    Locating Destination Information
    Locating the Personal Default Destination
    Locating the Interest List for lpget, lpstat, and cancel
    EXAMPLES
    FILES
    ATTRIBUTES
    SEE ALSO
    NOTES


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