>> master (8) ( Linux man: Команды системного администрирования )
Postfix master process
master [-Ddtv] [-c config_dir] [-e exit_time]
The master(8) daemon is the resident process that runs Postfix
daemons on demand: daemons to send or receive messages via the
network, daemons to deliver mail locally, etc. These daemons are
created on demand up to a configurable maximum number per service.
Postfix daemons terminate voluntarily, either after being idle for
a configurable amount of time, or after having serviced a
configurable number of requests. Exceptions to this rule are the
resident queue manager, address verification server, and the TLS
session cache and pseudo-random number server.
The behavior of the master(8) daemon is controlled by the
master.cf configuration file, as described in master(5).
Read the main.cf and master.cf configuration files in
the named directory instead of the default configuration directory.
This also overrides the configuration files for other Postfix
After initialization, run a debugger on the master process. The
debugging command is specified with the debugger_command in
the main.cf global configuration file.
Do not redirect stdin, stdout or stderr to /dev/null, and
do not discard the controlling terminal. This must be used
for debugging only.
Terminate the master process after exit_time seconds. Child
processes terminate at their convenience.
Test mode. Return a zero exit status when the master.pid lock
file does not exist or when that file is not locked. This is evidence
that the master(8) daemon is not running.
Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes. This option
is passed on to child processes. Multiple -v options
make the software increasingly verbose.
Upon receipt of a HUP signal (e.g., after "postfix reload"),
the master process re-reads its configuration files. If a service has
been removed from the master.cf file, its running processes
are terminated immediately.
Otherwise, running processes are allowed to terminate as soon
as is convenient, so that changes in configuration settings
affect only new service requests.
Upon receipt of a TERM signal (e.g., after "postfix abort"),
the master process passes the signal on to its child processes and
This is useful for an emergency shutdown. Normally one would
terminate only the master ("postfix stop") and allow running
processes to finish what they are doing.
After initialization, start a debugger as specified with the
debugger_command configuration parameter in the main.cf
Directory with Postfix configuration files.
Unlike most Postfix daemon processes, the master(8) server does
not automatically pick up changes to main.cf. Changes
to master.cf are never picked up automatically.
Use the "postfix reload" command after a configuration change.
RESOURCE AND RATE CONTROLS
The default maximal number of Postfix child processes that provide
a given service.
The maximum amount of time that an idle Postfix daemon process
waits for the next service request before exiting.
The maximal number of connection requests before a Postfix daemon
How long the Postfix master(8) waits before forking a server that
appears to be malfunctioning.
config_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
The default location of the Postfix main.cf and master.cf
daemon_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
The directory with Postfix support programs and daemon programs.
The external command to execute when a Postfix daemon program is
invoked with the -D option.
The network interface addresses that this mail system receives
The Internet protocols Postfix will attempt to use when making
or accepting connections.
import_environment (see 'postconf -d' output)
The list of environment parameters that a Postfix process will
import from a non-Postfix parent process.
The UNIX system account that owns the Postfix queue and most Postfix
The process ID of a Postfix command or daemon process.
The process name of a Postfix command or daemon process.
queue_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
The location of the Postfix top-level queue directory.
The syslog facility of Postfix logging.
The mail system name that is prepended to the process name in syslog
records, so that "smtpd" becomes, for example, "postfix/smtpd".
/etc/postfix/main.cf, global configuration file.
/etc/postfix/master.cf, master server configuration file.
/var/spool/postfix/pid/master.pid, master lock file.