cgetent cgetset cgetmatch cgetcap cgetnum cgetstr cgetustr cgetfirst cgetnext cgetclose - capability database access routines
function enables the addition of a character buffer containing a single capability record entry to the capability database. Conceptually, the entry is added as the first ``file'' in the database, and is therefore searched first on the call to cgetent (.);
The entry is passed in Fa ent . If Fa ent is NULL the current entry is removed from the database. A call to cgetset ();
must precede the database traversal. It must be called before the cgetent ();
call. If a sequential access is being performed (see below), it must be called before the first sequential access call Fn ( cgetfirst or cgetnext () ,);
or be directly preceded by a cgetclose ();
call. On success 0 is returned and -1 on failure.
function will return 0 if Fa name is one of the names of the capability record Fa buf , -1 if not.
function searches the capability record Fa buf for the capability Fa cap with type Fa type . A Fa type is specified using any single character. If a colon (`:') is used, an untyped capability will be searched for (see below for explanation of types). A pointer to the value of Fa cap in Fa buf is returned on success, NULL if the requested capability could not be found. The end of the capability value is signaled by a `:' or ASCII NUL (see below for capability database syntax).
function retrieves the value of the numeric capability Fa cap from the capability record pointed to by Fa buf . The numeric value is returned in the long pointed to by Fa num . 0 is returned on success, -1 if the requested numeric capability could not be found.
function retrieves the value of the string capability Fa cap from the capability record pointed to by Fa buf . A pointer to a decoded, NUL terminated, malloc(3)Ns'd copy of the string is returned in the char * pointed to by Fa str . The number of characters in the decoded string not including the trailing NUL is returned on success, -1 if the requested string capability could not be found, -2 if a system error was encountered (storage allocation failure).
function is identical to cgetstr ();
except that it does not expand special characters, but rather returns each character of the capability string literally.
and cgetnext ();
functions comprise a function group that provides for sequential access of the NULL pointer terminated array of file names, Fa db_array . The cgetfirst ();
function returns the first record in the database and resets the access to the first record. The cgetnext ();
function returns the next record in the database with respect to the record returned by the previous cgetfirst ();
or cgetnext ();
call. If there is no such previous call, the first record in the database is returned. Each record is returned in a malloc(3)Ns'd copy pointed to by Fa buf . Tc expansion is done (see tc= comments below). Upon completion of the database 0 is returned, 1 is returned upon successful return of record with possibly more remaining (we have not reached the end of the database yet), 2 is returned if the record contains an unresolved tc expansion, -1 is returned if a system error occurred, and -2 is returned if a potential reference loop is detected (see tc= comments below). Upon completion of database (0 return) the database is closed.
function closes the sequential access and frees any memory and file descriptors being used. Note that it does not erase the buffer pushed by a call to cgetset (.);
Capability databases consist of a series of records, one per logical line. Each record contains a variable number of `:'-separated fields (capabilities). Empty fields consisting entirely of white space characters (spaces and tabs) are ignored.
The first capability of each record specifies its names, separated by `|' characters. These names are used to reference records in the database. By convention, the last name is usually a comment and is not intended as a lookup tag. For example, the vt100 record from the termcap(5) database begins:
giving four names that can be used to access the record.
The remaining non-empty capabilities describe a set of (name, value) bindings, consisting of a names optionally followed by a typed value:
Names consist of one or more characters. Names may contain any character except `:', but it is usually best to restrict them to the printable characters and avoid use of graphics like `#', `=', `%', `@', etc. Types are single characters used to separate capability names from their associated typed values. Types may be any character except a `:'. Typically, graphics like `#', `=', `%', etc. are used. Values may be any number of characters and may contain any character except `:'.
The types `#' and `=' are conventionally used to denote numeric and
string typed values, but no restriction on those types is enforced.
and cgetstr ();
can be used to implement the traditional syntax and semantics of `#' and `='. Typeless capabilities are typically used to denote boolean objects with presence or absence indicating truth and false values respectively. This interpretation is conveniently represented by:
"(getcap(buf, name, ':') != NULL)"
A special capability, tc= name is used to indicate that the record specified by Fa name should be substituted for the tc capability. Tc capabilities may interpolate records which also contain tc capabilities and more than one tc capability may be used in a record. A tc expansion scope (i.e., where the argument is searched for) contains the file in which the tc is declared and all subsequent files in the file array.
When a database is searched for a capability record, the first matching record in the search is returned. When a record is scanned for a capability, the first matching capability is returned; the capability :nameT@: will hide any following definition of a value of type T for Fa name ; and the capability :name@: will prevent any following values of Fa name from being seen.
These features combined with tc capabilities can be used to generate variations of other databases and records by either adding new capabilities, overriding definitions with new definitions, or hiding following definitions via `@' capabilities.
example|an example of binding multiple values to names:\ :foo%bar:foo^blah:foo@:\ :abc%xyz:abc^frap:abc$@:\ :tc=more:
The capability foo has two values bound to it (bar of type `%' and blah of type `^') and any other value bindings are hidden. The capability abc also has two values bound but only a value of type `$' is prevented from being defined in the capability record more.
file1: new|new_record|a modification of "old":\ :fript=bar:who-cares@:tc=old:blah:tc=extensions: file2: old|old_record|an old database record:\ :fript=foo:who-cares:glork#200:
The records are extracted by calling
with file1 preceding file2. In the capability record new in file1, fript=bar overrides the definition of fript=foo interpolated from the capability record old in file2, who-cares@ prevents the definition of any who-cares definitions in old from being seen, glork#200 is inherited from old, and blah and anything defined by the record extensions is added to those definitions in old. Note that the position of the fript=bar and who-cares@ definitions before tc=old is important here. If they were after, the definitions in old would take precedence.
Numeric capability values may be given in one of three numeric bases. If the number starts with either `0x' or `0X' it is interpreted as a hexadecimal number (both upper and lower case a-f may be used to denote the extended hexadecimal digits). Otherwise, if the number starts with a `0' it is interpreted as an octal number. Otherwise the number is interpreted as a decimal number.
String capability values may contain any character. Non-printable ASCII codes, new lines, and colons may be conveniently represented by the use of escape sequences:
^X ('X' & 037) control-X
\b, \B (ASCII 010) backspace
\t, \T (ASCII 011) tab
\n, \N (ASCII 012) line feed (newline)
\f, \F (ASCII 014) form feed
\r, \R (ASCII 015) carriage return
\e, \E (ASCII 027) escape
\c, \C (:) colon
\\ (\) back slash
\^ (^) caret
\nnn (ASCII octal nnn)
A `\' may be followed by up to three octal digits directly specifies the numeric code for a character. The use of ASCII NUL s while easily encoded, causes all sorts of problems and must be used with care since NUL s are typically used to denote the end of strings; many applications use `\200' to represent a NUL
and cgetset ();
functions may fail and set errno for any of the errors specified for the library functions: fopen(3), fclose(3), open(2), and close(2).
and cgetustr ();
functions may fail and set errno as follows:
There are no checks for
tc = name
The buffer added to the database by a call to
is not unique to the database but is rather prepended to any database used.
Закладки на сайте
Проследить за страницей
Created 1996-2022 by Maxim Chirkov
Добавить, Поддержать, Вебмастеру