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Несколько доменов SAMBA на одной машине FreeBSD


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From: Вадим CJ, serg999 <vadim@e-complex.ru.> <serg999@e-complex.ru.> Newsgroups: email Date: Mon, 2 Feb 2006 14:31:37 +0000 (UTC) Subject: Несколько доменов SAMBA на одной машине FreeBSD Несколько доменов SAMBA на одной машине freebsd - это реальность. Не один раз читал, что "нельзя на одной freebsd машине запустить несколько PDC под samba". Так вот плюньте в глаз тому, кто это сказал. Для этого необходимо скомпилировать несколько копий пакета в РАЗНЫЕ пути. Естественно необходимо указать и разное расположение всех файлов (db, lock, pid files, smbpasswd e.t.c.) и конечно же разные smb.conf В системе: 1. заводим несколько алиасов на сетевом интерфейсе. Несколько копий самбы не могут использовать один и тот же адрес, но разные алиасы - за милую душу. В конфиг файлах: 1. для каждого домена пишем свои (уникальные) interfaces 2. пишем allowed hosts (не себя любимого ессно пускаем везде). 3. bind interfaces only = yes 4. само собой - разные имена домена и нетбиос неймы. 5. нежелательно чтобы в разных копиях самбы осуществлялся одновременный доступ на ридрайт к тем же файлам (нет уверенности что в этом случае файл локи правильно сработают) Единственное ограничение - не получается (пока) запустить несколько независимых WINS серверов (nmbd). Поэтому в одном домене пишем wins support = yes, а в остальных wins server=(ip первого домена) и wins proxy=yes. В этой конфигурации первый винс помнит все файлы, а остальные отвечают на запросы "своих" компов. И все нормально видится (на компах 2-го, 3-го и т.д. доменов указываем винс своей сети). Неудобство - стартовать-стопить процесс надо непосредственно из /usr/local/etc/rc.d , а утилитами пользоваться из /usr/local/samba_nomer_1/bin (то есть из того пути, где лежат бины нужного проекта) Для удобства построения накидал пару скриптов: Конфигуратор. Строим так: 1. идем туда, где у нас раскручен пакет. Например у меня : cd /usr/soft/samba-3.0.21b 2. Выполняем: cd source 3. помещаем сюда все 3 файла приведенных тут (mk , samba.sh.sample, smb.conf.default) 4. Выполняем: make clean; ./mk samba/dom1; make; make install 5. Выполняем: cd /usr/local/etc/rc.d 6. Выполняем: ./samba_dom1.sh start Итак необходимые файлы: ------ mk ------- #!/usr/bin/perl $SM=@ARGV[0]; $PREFIX="/usr/local"; $LOCALBASE="/usr/local"; $CONFIG_ARGS="\\ --without-ldap \\ --with-quotas \\ --with-utmp \\ --with-acl-support \\ --with-libsmbclient \\ --with-winbind \\ "; if (length($SM)>0){ $PREFIX .= "/".$SM; }; $START_SCRIPT=$SM; $START_SCRIPT=~s/\//_/g; if (length($START_SCRIPT)==0) { $START_SCRIPT="samba"; }; $SED="/usr/bin/sed"; $VARDIR=$PREFIX."/var"; $WINBIND=""; $SAMBA_SPOOL=$VARDIR."/spool"; $SAMBA_LOGDIR=$VARDIR."/log"; $SAMBA_RUNDIR=$VARDIR."/run"; $SAMBA_LOCKDIR=$VARDIR."/db"; $SAMBA_PRIVATE=$PREFIX."/private"; $SAMBA_CONFDIR=$PREFIX."/etc"; $SAMBA_SWATDIR=$PREFIX."/swat"; $SAMBA_LIBDIR=$PREFIX."/lib"; $RC_SUBR="/etc/rc.subr"; $RC_DIR="/usr/local/etc/rc.d"; $SAMBA_CONFIG=$SAMBA_CONFDIR."/smb.conf"; print " VARDIR= $VARDIR SAMBA_SPOOL= $SAMBA_SPOOL SAMBA_LOGDIR= $SAMBA_LOGDIR SAMBA_RUNDIR= $SAMBA_RUNDIR SAMBA_LOCKDIR= $SAMBA_LOCKDIR SAMBA_PRIVATE= $SAMBA_PRIVATE SAMBA_CONFDIR= $SAMBA_CONFDIR SAMBA_SWATDIR= $SAMBA_SWATDIR SAMBA_LIBDIR= $SAMBA_LIBDIR RC_DIR= $RC_DIR SAMBA_CONFIG= $SAMBA_CONFIG SAMBA_SCRIPT= $SAMBA_SCRIPT "; system ("mkdir $PREFIX; mkdir $VARDIR; mkdir $SAMBA_SPOOL; mkdir $SAMBA_LOGDIR; mkdir $SAMBA_RUNDIR; mkdir $SAMBA_LOCKDIR; mkdir $SAMBA_PRIVATE; mkdir $SAMBA_CONFDIR; mkdir $SAMBA_SWATDIR; mkdir $SAMBA_LIBDIR; mkdir $RC_DIR;"); $RC_SCRIPTS_SUB=" PREFIX=$PREFIX \ CUPS=$CUPS \ WINBIND=$WINBIND \ RC_SUBR=$RC_SUBR \ SAMBA_CONFDIR=$SAMBA_CONFDIR \ SAMBA_CONFIG=$SAMBA_CONFIG \ SAMBA_LOGDIR=$SAMBA_LOGDIR \ SAMBA_RUNDIR=$SAMBA_RUNDIR \ SAMBA_LOCKDIR=$SAMBA_LOCKDIR \ SAMBA_SPOOL=$SAMBA_SPOOL \ RC_DIR=$RC_DIR \ RC_SUBR=$RC_SUBR"; @params=split(" ",$RC_SCRIPTS_SUB); $sed = "sed "; foreach $var(@params) { print "$var\n"; ($pn,$pv)=split("=",$var); $sed .= " -e s!%%$pn%%!$pv!g "; } if (stat("samba.sh.sample")) { print $sed." samba.sh.sample > $RC_DIR/$START_SCRIPT.sh\n"; system $sed." samba.sh.sample > $RC_DIR/$START_SCRIPT.sh"; system "chmod +x $RC_DIR/$START_SCRIPT.sh"; } if (stat("smb.conf.default")) { print $sed." smb.conf.default > $SAMBA_CONFIG.default\n"; system $sed." smb.conf.default > $SAMBA_CONFIG.default"; if (!stat($SAMBA_CONFIG)) { system("cp $SAMBA_CONFIG.default $SAMBA_CONFIG"); } } # ./mks.pl "$RC_SCRIPTS_SUB" #CONFIGURE_ENV+= CPPFLAGS=-I$LOCALBASE/include \ # LDFLAGS=-L$LOCALBASE/lib #CONFIGURE_TARGET= --build=$MACHINE_ARCH-portbld-freebsd$OSREL $conf_args = " --exec-prefix=$PREFIX \\ --localstatedir=$VARDIR \\ --with-configdir=$SAMBA_CONFDIR \\ --with-libdir=$SAMBA_LIBDIR/samba \\ --with-swatdir=$SAMBA_SWATDIR \\ --with-piddir=$SAMBA_RUNDIR \\ --with-lockdir=$SAMBA_LOCKDIR \\ --with-privatedir=$SAMBA_PRIVATE \\ --with-logfilebase=$SAMBA_LOGDIR \\ --with-manpages-langs=en \\ --with-libiconv=$LOCALBASE $CONFIG_ARGS"; print "./configure $conf_args\n"; system("./configure $conf_args"); #CONFIGURE_ARGS+= --with-libiconv=$LOCALBASEOB А также для удобства луче взять файлы - образцы из портов samba.sh.sample - шаблон скрипта #!/bin/sh # # $FreeBSD: ports/net/samba3/files/samba.sh.sample,v 1.9 2004/11/23 17:34:51 krion Exp $ # # PROVIDE: nmbd smbd %%WINBIND%%# PROVIDE: winbindd # REQUIRE: NETWORKING SERVERS named %%CUPS%% # BEFORE: DAEMON # KEYWORD: shutdown # # Add the following lines to /etc/rc.conf to enable samba: # #samba_enable="YES" # # or, for fine grain control # #nmbd_enable="YES" #smbd_enable="YES" %%WINBIND%%#winbindd_enable="YES" # . %%RC_SUBR%% name=samba rcvar=`set_rcvar` load_rc_config $name # Set defaults samba_config=${samba_config:-"%%SAMBA_CONFIG%%"} # Config file is required if [ ! -r ${samba_config} ]; then warn "${samba_config} is not readable." case $1 in force*) : ;; *) exit 1 ;; esac fi if test -n ${samba_enable:-""} && checkyesno samba_enable; then nmbd_enable=${nmbd_enable:-"YES"} smbd_enable=${smbd_enable:-"YES"} %%WINBIND%% winbindd_enable=${winbindd_enable:-"YES"} %%WINBIND%% # Check, that winbind is actally configured %%WINBIND%% if [ ! "`egrep -i '(idmap.*uid|winbind.*uid)' ${samba_config} 2>/dev/null | egrep -v [\#\;]`" ]; then %%WINBIND%% #warn "Winbind support is not configured" %%WINBIND%% winbindd_enable="NO" %%WINBIND%% fi fi # Hack until run_rc_command() get rid of exit() samba_stop() { pid=$(check_pidfile ${pidfile} ${command}) if [ -z ${pid} ]; then echo "${name} not running? (check ${pidfile})." return 1 fi echo "Stopping ${command}." kill -${sig_stop:-TERM} ${pid} [ $? -ne 0 ] && [ -z "$rc_force" ] && return 1 wait_for_pids ${pid} } nmbd_precmd() { # XXX: Never delete winbindd_idmap, winbindd_cache and group_mapping if [ -d "%%SAMBA_LOCKDIR%%" ]; then echo "Starting SAMBA: removing stale tdbs :" for file in connections.tdb locking.tdb messages.tdb \ sessionid.tdb unexpected.tdb brlock.tdb \ namelist.debug do rm -vf "%%SAMBA_LOCKDIR%%/$file" done fi } # nmbd name=nmbd rcvar=`set_rcvar` command="%%PREFIX%%/sbin/${name}" required_dirs="%%SAMBA_LOCKDIR%%" pidfile=%%SAMBA_RUNDIR%%/${name}.pid start_precmd="nmbd_precmd" stop_cmd="samba_stop" # Defaults nmbd_enable=${nmbd_enable:-"NO"} nmbd_flags=${nmbd_flags:-"-D"} command_args="-s ${samba_config}" load_rc_config $name run_rc_command "$1" # smbd name=smbd rcvar=`set_rcvar` command="%%PREFIX%%/sbin/${name}" pidfile=%%SAMBA_RUNDIR%%/${name}.pid start_precmd=":" stop_cmd="samba_stop" # Defaults smbd_enable=${smbd_enable:-"NO"} smbd_flags=${smbd_flags:-"-D"} command_args="-s ${samba_config}" load_rc_config $name run_rc_command "$1" %%WINBIND%% %%WINBIND%%# winbindd %%WINBIND%%name=winbindd %%WINBIND%%rcvar=`set_rcvar` %%WINBIND%%command="%%PREFIX%%/sbin/${name}" %%WINBIND%%required_dirs="%%SAMBA_LOCKDIR%%" %%WINBIND%%pidfile=%%SAMBA_RUNDIR%%/${name}.pid %%WINBIND%%start_precmd=":" %%WINBIND%%stop_cmd="samba_stop" %%WINBIND%%# Defaults %%WINBIND%%winbindd_enable=${winbindd_enable:-"NO"} %%WINBIND%%winbindd_flags=${winbindd_flags:-""} %%WINBIND%%command_args="-s ${samba_config}" %%WINBIND%% %%WINBIND%%load_rc_config $name %%WINBIND%%run_rc_command "$1" Ну и шаблон конфиг-файла smb.conf.default # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too # many!) most of which are not shown in this example # # For a step to step guide on installing, configuring and using samba, # read the Samba-HOWTO-Collection. This may be obtained from: # http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection.pdf # # Many working examples of smb.conf files can be found in the # Samba-Guide which is generated daily and can be downloaded from: # http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-Guide.pdf # # Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash) # is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a # # for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you # may wish to enable # # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm" # to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors. # #======================= Global Settings ===================================== [global] # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: MIDEARTH workgroup = MYGROUP # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field server string = Samba Server # Security mode. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible # values are share, user, server, domain and ads. Most people will want # user level security. See the Samba-HOWTO-Collection for details. security = user # This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict # connections to machines which are on your local network. The # following example restricts access to two C class networks and # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see # the smb.conf man page ; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127. # If you want to automatically load your printer list rather # than setting them up individually then you'll need this load printers = yes # you may wish to override the location of the printcap file ; printcap name = /etc/printcap # on SystemV system setting printcap name to lpstat should allow # you to automatically obtain a printer list from the SystemV spool # system ; printcap name = lpstat # It should not be necessary to specify the print system type unless # it is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include: # bsd, cups, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx ; printing = cups # Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd # otherwise the user "nobody" is used ; guest account = pcguest # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine # that connects log file = %%SAMBA_LOGDIR%%/log.%m # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb). max log size = 50 # Use password server option only with security = server # The argument list may include: # password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name] # or to auto-locate the domain controller/s # password server = * ; password server = <NT-Server-Name> # Use the realm option only with security = ads # Specifies the Active Directory realm the host is part of ; realm = MY_REALM # Backend to store user information in. New installations should # use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards # compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration. ; passdb backend = tdbsam # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name # of the machine that is connecting. # Note: Consider carefully the location in the configuration file of # this line. The included file is read at that point. ; include = %%SAMBA_CONFDIR%%/smb.conf.%m # Most people will find that this option gives better performance. # See the chapter 'Samba performance issues' in the Samba HOWTO Collection # and the manual pages for details. # You may want to add the following on a Linux system: # SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192 socket options = TCP_NODELAY # Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them # here. See the man page for details. ; interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24 # Browser Control Options: # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply ; local master = no # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser # elections. The default value should be reasonable ; os level = 33 # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job ; domain master = yes # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election ; preferred master = yes # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for # Windows95 workstations. ; domain logons = yes # if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or # per user logon script # run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine) ; logon script = %m.bat # run a specific logon batch file per username ; logon script = %U.bat # Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT) # %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username # You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below ; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section: # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server ; wins support = yes # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both ; wins server = w.x.y.z # WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be # at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO. ; wins proxy = yes # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names # via DNS nslookups. The default is NO. dns proxy = no # charset settings ; display charset = ASCII ; unix charset = ASCII ; dos charset = ASCII # These scripts are used on a domain controller or stand-alone # machine to add or delete corresponding unix accounts ; add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd %u ; add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd %g ; add machine script = /usr/sbin/adduser -n -g machines -c Machine -d /dev/null -s /bin/false %u ; delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel %u ; delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/deluser %u %g ; delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel %g #============================ Share Definitions ============================== [homes] comment = Home Directories browseable = no writable = yes # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons ; [netlogon] ; comment = Network Logon Service ; path = /usr/local/samba/lib/netlogon ; guest ok = yes ; writable = no ; share modes = no # Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share # the default is to use the user's home directory ;[Profiles] ; path = /usr/local/samba/profiles ; browseable = no ; guest ok = yes # NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to # specifically define each individual printer [printers] comment = All Printers path = %%SAMBA_SPOOL%% browseable = no # Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print guest ok = no writable = no printable = yes # This one is useful for people to share files ;[tmp] ; comment = Temporary file space ; path = /tmp ; read only = no ; public = yes # A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in # the "staff" group ;[public] ; comment = Public Stuff ; path = /home/samba ; public = yes ; writable = yes ; printable = no ; write list = @staff # Other examples. # # A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's # home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory, # wherever it is. ;[fredsprn] ; comment = Fred's Printer ; valid users = fred ; path = /homes/fred ; printer = freds_printer ; public = no ; writable = no ; printable = yes # A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write # access to the directory. ;[fredsdir] ; comment = Fred's Service ; path = /usr/somewhere/private ; valid users = fred ; public = no ; writable = yes ; printable = no # a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects # this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could # also use the %U option to tailor it by user name. # The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting. ;[pchome] ; comment = PC Directories ; path = /usr/pc/%m ; public = no ; writable = yes # A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files # created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so # any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this # directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course # be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead. ;[public] ; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public ; public = yes ; only guest = yes ; writable = yes ; printable = no # The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two # users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this # setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the # sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to # as many users as required. ;[myshare] ; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff ; path = /usr/somewhere/shared ; valid users = mary fred ; public = no ; writable = yes ; printable = no ; create mask = 0765

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Обсуждение [ RSS ]
  • 1.1, товарисч (?), 12:34, 13/11/2007 [ответить]  
  • +/
    man jail
     
     
  • 2.2, Князь (??), 09:03, 30/11/2007 [^] [^^] [^^^] [ответить]  
  • +/
    Есть удачный запуск samba 3 (с winbind) в jail?
     
     
  • 3.3, товарисч (?), 09:13, 30/11/2007 [^] [^^] [^^^] [ответить]  
  • +/
    >Есть удачный запуск samba 3 (с winbind) в jail?

    да. man smb.conf на тему указания интерфейса с которым работать.

     
     
  • 4.4, Князь (??), 09:37, 30/11/2007 [^] [^^] [^^^] [ответить]  
  • +/
    >>Есть удачный запуск samba 3 (с winbind) в jail?
    >
    >да. man smb.conf на тему указания интерфейса с которым работать.

    bind interfaces only?

    Установил в "YES" и указал конкретный интерфейс, но все равно:
    Система: FreeBSD 7.0 BETA3

    %sudo net ads join -U root
    Password:
    [2007/11/30 06:35:42, 0] lib/interface.c:load_interfaces(229)
      WARNING: no network interfaces found

     
     
  • 5.5, Князь (??), 09:43, 30/11/2007 [^] [^^] [^^^] [ответить]  
  • +/
    >>>Есть удачный запуск samba 3 (с winbind) в jail?
    >>
    >>да. man smb.conf на тему указания интерфейса с которым работать.
    >
    >bind interfaces only?

    Установил в "YES" и указал конкретный интерфейс, но все равно:
    Система: FreeBSD 7.0 BETA3

    %sudo net ads join -U root
    Password:
    [2007/11/30 06:35:42, 0] lib/interface.c:load_interfaces(229)
      WARNING: no network interfaces found
    demiurg's password:
    Failed to join domain: Operations error
    %

     
     
  • 6.6, товарисч (?), 10:10, 30/11/2007 [^] [^^] [^^^] [ответить]  
  • +/
    >[оверквотинг удален]
    >Установил в "YES" и указал конкретный интерфейс, но все равно:
    >Система: FreeBSD 7.0 BETA3
    >
    >%sudo net ads join -U root
    >Password:
    >[2007/11/30 06:35:42, 0] lib/interface.c:load_interfaces(229)
    >  WARNING: no network interfaces found
    >demiurg's password:
    >Failed to join domain: Operations error
    >%

    неплохо бы указывать как указал..
    мне хватило:
    interfaces = 192.168.110.253/24

     
     
  • 7.7, Князь (??), 11:28, 30/11/2007 [^] [^^] [^^^] [ответить]  
  • +/
    >>[оверквотинг удален]
    >неплохо бы указывать как указал..
    >мне хватило:
    >interfaces = 192.168.110.253/24

    Теперь другая проблема :(
    %sudo net ads join -U root
    Password:
    root's password:
    Using short domain name -- DOMAIN
    Failed to set servicePrincipalNames. Please ensure that
    the DNS domain of this server matches the AD domain,
    Or rejoin with using Domain Admin credentials.
    Deleted account for 'SMB' in realm 'DOMAIN.LOCAL'
    Failed to join domain: Type or value exists

    Все действие происходит в jail

     
     
  • 8.8, Князь (??), 11:50, 30/11/2007 [^] [^^] [^^^] [ответить]  
  • +/
    gt оверквотинг удален Решил В etc hosts вставил 192 168 5 32 smb smb do... текст свёрнут, показать
     

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